‘Namami Gange’ was launched in June 2014 as an integrated conservation mission to accomplish the twin objectives of effective pollution abatement and conservation and rejuvenation of the National River Ganga and its tributaries. National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is the implementing agency for the Namami Gange programme with support from its State Mission for Clean Ganga (SMCG) and District Ganga Committees (DGC). Though it was previously thought of merely as a project implementation agency, the government in 2016 empowered NMCG as regulatory authority which enables it to issue directions to check pollution. At the apex level, the strengthened National Ganga Council (NGC) replaced the National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA) and for the first time, Mission activities were taken effectively to the district level by notifying multidisciplinary District Ganga Committees chaired by the District Magistrates.
The ambitious clean Ganga initiative follows a collaborative approach involving various ministries, states and other stakeholders to restore the Nirmal and Aviral Dhara (pristine and continuous flow) of the Ganga. The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) is entrusted with the aim of integrating previous and currently ongoing initiatives in a holistic manner, with a basin approach. The programme has made considerable progress and is moving at a fast pace with a total of 305 projects which have been sanctioned so far at a total cost of Rs 28,628 Crore for diverse sets of activities. Out of these, 114 projects have been completed and the other projects are at various stages of execution.